Dental implants are increasingly used to restore missing teeth and prevent the complications of tooth loss. However, dental implants require regular care and maintenance, since they are not impertinent to diseases and infections. Peri-implantitis is one of them.
Peri-implantitis is very similar gum disease, since it affects the gum tissue around dental implants by creating pockets around the teeth and causing inflammation. Patients who have undertaken dental implants in Melbourne should be well aware of the consequences of not maintaining their implant properly by an experienced dentist such as High Dental Implants.
Who is at risk of developing a peri-implant disease?
Patients with dental implants are at risk of developing infection or disease related to these implants, provided that they are not taking sufficient care of their new teeth. While tooth decay cannot affect implant patients, studies have shown that peri-implantitis is a real threat – a 2015 study has shown that 45% of 588 implant patients developed peri-implantitis in Sweden. Despite the high survival rate of dental implants, dentists should be aware of the implications of peri-implantitis and provide their patients with the best advice possible to prevent or overcome it if it is too late.
Risk factors for peri-implantitis and other infections related to dental implants in Melbourne include:
- Bad oral and dental hygiene
- gum disease or a history of gum disease
- smoking and tobacco
- poorly controlled diabetes
- heart disease
- some types of cancer
- genetic susceptibility
- hormonal imbalances
- excessive alcohol consumption
Having a risk factor does not necessarily mean that someone will get the condition. Patients who are well aware of their situation, take good care of their teeth and dental implants and visit the dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings, are less likely to develop peri-implantitis. Equally, individuals without a risk factor are still susceptible to this infection of the gums.
Can peri-implantitis be treated?
Peri-implantitis can be treated and there are many treatment options available depending on a patient’s specific situation. Mild peri-implantitis does not require special treatment – a simple cleaning to remove plaque and bacteria is enough. However, moderate-to-advanced peri-implantitis may require medications to prevent bacterial infection, jawbone deterioration and implant failure.